Gambling, whether it be the lottery, scratch cards, casino games, bingo, Internet poker, or sports betting, is more acceptable and accessible than any other time in recent memory. For a great many people, gambling is a recreational activity. Be that as it may, for a huge minority, it advances to a serious problem.
As of late, researchers and psychological health experts decided to classify problem gambling as a behavioral addiction, the first of its kind, placing it in a category of disorders that likewise incorporates substance abuse. The explanation behind this change originates from neuroscience research about, which has demonstrated that gambling addicts have a lot in common with drug and alcohol addicts, including changes in behavior and brain activity.
A Behavioral Addiction
Gambling disorder alludes to the uncontrollable urge to gamble, in spite of serious personal ramifications. Problem gambling can affect a man’s interpersonal relationships, financial situation, and physical and mental health. Yet it has just as of late been recognized as an addiction. Problem gambling was first classified a psychiatric disorder in 1980. In the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the American Psychiatric Association’s guide to psychiatric disorders, the condition was named “pathological gambling” and classified as an impulse disorder, alongside disorders like kleptomania and pyromania. In 2013, it was renamed “gambling disorder” and moved to the Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders classification, which incorporates alcohol and drug addictions.
The decision to move gambling disorder alongside substance use disorders mirrors a new comprehension of the underlying commonalities between gambling and different addictions. There is a growing assemblage of neuroscience and psychology research suggesting problem gambling is like drug addiction. Many of the diagnostic criteria for gambling problem share features with those for drug dependence, such as tolerance, withdrawal, repeated unsuccessful endeavors to cut back or quit, and real impedance in one’s life. Problem gamblers also report cravings and highs in response to gambling.